Learning Difficulty Support

Can intervention cure a learning difficulty?

There is no cure for a learning disability, but the impact of the learning disability can be reduced significantly through the provision of effective interventions. Over time, effective compensatory strategies are often developed and as a result, the visible signs of a learning problem can become less obvious.

Choosing intervention programs

Research strongly suggests that interventions for learning disorders should target the component skills of reading, spelling, mathematics and writing.

  • Direct instruction (DI) refers to a rigorously developed, fast-paced approach that is designed to each student’s new skills in a step by step manner by instructors using a carefully designed script. Students receive immediate feedback and are expected to achieve mastery of each skill level before progressing to the next level. Research shows that DI programs are frequently found to be amongst the most successful intervention approaches available.
  • Structured Synthetic Phonics (SSP) programs are designed to teach children the predictable relationships between the sounds of speech (phonemes) and the alphabet letters (graphemes) we use in written language. Essentially when a child learns to read using synthetic phonics they learn to link letters to speech sounds and then blend these sounds together to read words. In SSP programs, the sound-letter relationships are taught in a predetermined sequence using a systematic and explicit approach. Children are taught to read and spell accurately and fluently beginning with simple words like at, an and pin before progressing to more complex spelling patterns.

Learning disorders are NOT the same for everyone

While there are symptoms that are common with disorders, each child will display and experience symptoms differently - the level of severity can range from mild to severe. The symptoms need to be present in each of the disorders for a period of at least six months before a diagnosis can be made.

Quicklinks and Resources

For Families

Learning Difficulties Australia

The Australian Dyslexia Association


Diagnostic Assessment Services, Events & Workshops for Parents, Teachers and Allied Health Professionals; Advisory & Advocacy Services; and Resources & Research.

AusSPELD State Offices

Mod Math

The first free iPad app that helps kids with dyslexia and dysgraphia do math.


Dyslexie font is a typeface specially designed for people with dyslexia.

Cluey Learning

Tutoring for special learning needs


Interactive and educational software for children aimed at making learning to read, write and spell fun.

Kip McGrath

Provides live and interactive lessons online or in-centre, tailored to children’s needs.

For Educators

Victorian Education Learning Difficulties Information Guide – School Leaders is a foundation for understanding learning difficulties and a guide to appropriate school-wide responses. It underscores the importance of literacy and numeracy, and the relationship between learning difficulties and student wellbeing.

Victorian Education Learning Difficulties Information Guide

All the information you need to access the right supports.